A great resource for learning more about how a family lived on a farm is the Agricultural Census conducted by US starting in 1850 and continued to 1880 census year. These are considered non-population census and mostly started in 1850 and some continued until around 1900. So if you have ancestor during that period who owned a farm, you should review these records as way to learn and develop your family history story.
The following information can be learned from these agricultural census:
- Name of owner or manager
- Number of improved and unimproved acres
- Number of livestock owned by farmer (broken down by breed)
- Amount of agricultural goods produced during the preceding year (broken down by crop)
- Cash value of the farm, farming machinery, livestock, animals slaughtered during the past year, and “homemade manufactures
- The 1880 schedules provide additional details, such as the amount of acreage used for each kind of crop, the number of poultry, and the number of eggs produced.
Excerpt from – The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
The origin of Presidents’ Day lies in the 1880s, when the birthday of Washington—commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolution and the first president of the United States—was first celebrated as a federal holiday. In 1968 Congress passed the Uniform Monday Holiday Bill, which moved a number of federal holidays to Mondays. The change was designed to schedule certain holidays so that workers had a number of long weekends throughout the year, but it has been opposed by those who believe that those holidays should be celebrated on the dates they actually commemorate. During debate on the bill, it was proposed that Washington’s Birthday be renamed Presidents’ Day to honour the birthdays of both Washington (February 22) and Lincoln (February 12); although Lincoln’s birthday was celebrated in many states, it was never an official federal holiday. Following much discussion, Congress rejected the name change. After the bill went into effect in 1971, however, Presidents’ Day became the commonly accepted name, due in part to retailers’ use of that name to promote sales and the holiday’s proximity to Lincoln’s birthday.
Wisconsin became the first state to ratify the 19th amendment on June 10, 1919. The amendment granted suffrage to women in America. The ratification was the result of the efforts of many different women’s rights groups that had been working since 1846. But it was surprising that Wisconsin was the first state to ratify the amendment; only seven years before, the state defeated an important suffrage referendum.